Dutch makers naturally made use of Huygens' discovery of the
pendulum. They were produced in many forms: Friesian longcase
and hanging clocks, Amsterdam longcase clocks, Zaandaam
clocks, and bracket clocks.
patented his invention and the first maker to produce a
pendulum clock under license to his design was Salomon
Hendrikszoon Coster. This antique clock did not have a long
pendulum as in Huygens' original design -- it had a
short one. The mechanism was contained in a small case that
became known as a Hague clock. It is a type that can be still
seen in many English, French, and Dutch table
knowledge of pendulums was taken to Britain by a London
clockmaker maker who was apprenticed to Coster. Huygens
himself (the inventor) took the knowledge to France. Huygens
(with his patent) visited Paris where he allowed several clock
makers to produce table clocks with his pendulum mechanism.
But, the British who saw the real value of his invention and
used it extensively. This formed the foundation for the
leading role English antique clocks were later to take.
invention of the pendulum mechanism, the cases of most clocks
changed from metal to wood. The outward appearance of clocks
in the two most important clock-making countries of England
and France went in different directions. The French
"standardized" the size of the pendulum mechanism
and because of this, the French antique clock cases were
always consistent with major developments of style.
the whole process was kept in the hands of the clock-maker in
England and not standardized, English antique clocks tend to
run about 25 years behind the development of styles. This did
not change until the end of the eighteenth century.
other differences between French and English antique pendulum
clocks also. The French produced large numbers of table and
bracket clocks while the English preferred hand-made clocks
and watches. The face of English clocks remained fairly
rectangular while from 1715 onwards the French standardized
with round ones.