Soon after the development of the pendulum clock the English
introduced the antique longcase clock, with a tall wooden case
designed to protect the pendulum. The first longcase clocks
had short pendulums but soon after longer pendulums became the
antique grandfather type) longcase clocks were designed along
classical lines. Early clocks had opening upper cases for
winding the clock but as the clocks became taller after 1710
they had a lower door for this purpose. French makers
surpassed the English longcase clocks after 1730.
adoption of the pendulum in Britain quickly led to the
development of bracket clocks as well as longcase clocks. These
were the origin of the American Grandfather clock.
The cases were made of wood with ebony, walnut, mahogany, and
other veneers. Only a few clocks had inlay work but painted
examples were very more common. Most clocks had eight-day
mechanisms -- barely getting one through the week.
'bracket clock' is derived from the wall-mounting bracket that
some of these clocks had even though most were made so they
could stand on furniture. Most English bracket clocks that
found their way abroad were made in London. Provincial clocks
were largely for local sale.